The fresh new associated setting inside the Syriac ‘s the pael couch potato participle, whose setting is actually mCaCCaC

The fresh new associated setting inside the Syriac ‘s the pael couch potato participle, whose setting is actually mCaCCaC

(12) In a number of NENA dialects the newest preterite from Class II verbs has actually an effective vocalism (m)CoCiC- otherwise (m)CuCiC- which has no forerunner in the last dialects. Noldeke (1868, 213) suggested your progressive function is actually related to brand new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he took it out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Versions with o or you is missing exterior NENA and have now in several of your own NENA dialects: Hertevin, Sanandaj Religious, and you can Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).

(13) The general establish was marked by the a good prefix in most NENA except Hertevin and also in Mandaic and in Turoyo. The prefix takes one of about three versions: (a) k- on every verbs (cutting-edge to c- inside the Urmi, offered in order to ko- before consonants in the Turoyo, as well as in Zakho becoming g- prior to a voiced phoneme); (b) k- but just to the a finite family of verbs (with a few voicing intake and sometimes most other change as well); otherwise (c) i- on the the verbs.

Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, personal telecommunications); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we do say’, but doqIx-wa-le ‘we would observe it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he takes, usually eat’, but sate ‘he beverages, tend to, could possibly get drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin we-zare:los angeles ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu we-napli baro ‘they chase her’ (Fox 1992, 55).

The newest k- prefix seems to be an emergency of prefix qa- regarding BT, as in new common qatane ‘he teaches’. age ‘stands’. In a few eastern dialects the fresh shipping off k- is limited chodit s nÄ›kým smore by a small group of verbs (Garbell 1965, 65). In others, it’s got vanished and already been replaced from the another prefix we-, which probably started while the less sorts of we[Theta] ‘there is’.

Examples: Halabja geznawa ta knista ‘I goes toward the fresh new synagogue’, Aradhin tla t-sapri ‘to wait’, Jilu zIlli l-yawa zuze tla weil kIcca ‘I visited provide currency so you’re able to an effective girl’, Tisqopa [Theta]e:li ta di-mbaslan ‘I (fem

(14) The fresh new verb ‘give’ are yehav from inside the BT, and you can yav inside Syriac. This has been remade throughout NENA dialects from the incorporation of the following l- ‘to’. This new essential, that was hav in Syriac and you may BT, is actually hal (Noldeke 1868, 256) in all NENA which We have information, however for the Turoyo otherwise Mandaic.

(15) In most NENA, this new only 1 vital out-of qyama ‘get up’ has lost the finally m: Aradhin qu (Krotkoff 1982, 145), Sanandaj Christian qu (Panoussi, 110). The plural, yet not, retains the fresh m.

(16) Throughout NENA, the brand new crucial from (i)zala ‘go’ try unusual: Aradhin quand (Krotkoff 1982, 147), Sanandaj Christian state (Panoussi 119), Jilu se, Jewish Azerbaijani quand (Garbell 1965, 285).

(17) All over NENA, several different words are used because feet for reflexive pronouns instance ‘myself’. He is: ruh- inside the Hertevin along with Turoyo, nos- on about three easternmost Jewish dialects, and gyan- on remaining dialects: Hertevin ruhan ‘ourselves’ (Jastrow 1988, 197), Zakho qtala gyane ‘beating himself’ (Meehan and you can Alon 1982, 181), Halabja nosan ‘ourselves’.

This qa- was in itself an excellent contraction regarding qa?

(18) A new preposition definition ‘to’ or ‘for’ that takes the form ta, tla, otherwise tla was extensive, though not common, from inside the NENA, but not used in Mandaic or Turoyo. ) found cook’ (Rubba, individual telecommunications), Zakho cuxa la psIxle darga story ‘no that opened the entranceway to help you him’ (Meehan and you will Alon 1979, 182).

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